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07/29/20

The Fischer-Tropsch-Synthesis turns 95 - we are looking back on a method that is still current

The Fischer-Tropsch-Synthesis turns 95 - we are looking back on a method that is still current

On July 20 in 1925, the two scientists Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch from the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Kohlenforschung in Mülheim an der Ruhr filed for a patent application for the Fischer-Tropsch-Synthesis. After a long-lasting period of research and a lot of test series, they had found a way to convert coal into liquid fuels and lubricants. The method had economic relevance: in the years to come, it helped to meet the energy requirements of the Deutsche Reich and to create self-sufficiency in raw materials.

In our detailed historical survey article (GERMAN only), we look back on the development of the Fischer-Tropsch-Synthesis and show how this basic research method, which was developed at the beginning of the 20th century, is still used in today's chemistry.